About Blindness – Most Common Questions

About blindness and the most common questions asked in this article. As a sighted person that may know or meet a blind person, it is good to know and understand the following things.

#1.  What is legal blindness?

Legal blindness is the reduction of vision to 10 percent of normal.  Either the area of vision is less than 20 degrees or sharpness of vision is 20/200 or worse in the stronger eye with corrective lenses. People who have 20/200 vision must be at 20ft to see objects that individuals with normal vision can see at 200ft.  They can read only the big “E” on the eye chart.  Only 15 percent of people who are legally blind have total blindness.

#2.  As vision deteriorates, do other senses increase?

Senses of smell, hearing, taste, and touch do not increase when blind.  However, people who have vision loss learn to focus and listen better to information given by other senses.

#3.  How Can Blind People Appear To See Some Things?

When we think of the word blind we think one thing.  To be blind is seen as not being able to see, to have no sight or be sightless.  We imagine a world of darkness without light.  This is true for about 10-15 percent of people who are blind who see nothing at all.

There are varying degrees of blindness.  Not everyone is diagnosed with a progressive eye condition and told they are legally blind will lose all their vision.

#4.  Do People Who Are Blind All Use Braille?

No, it’s a personal choice.  Just like learning a spoken language, it depends on the person’s preferences and needs.  Some people with low vision choose basic Braille to help them read tactile signs, while others living with a visual disability will take on learning a higher level of Braille.

#5.  Do Blind People Like to feel a Persons Face When First Meeting Them?

No, don’t believe everything you see on television. When a person who is blind meets a sighted person, they use different sensitivities to paint a picture of the person.  People give off certain energy that is more genuine than what the eye may behold.