Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement that affects muscle tone and posture. This occurs when there is damage to immature developing brand – mostly before birth.
Signs and symptoms show up during infancy or preschool years. cerebral palsy causes impaired mobility associated with abnormal reflexes, rigidity and floppy limbs and trunk. There will also be involuntary movements, unsteady co-ordination or both.
People with cerebral palsy may have swallowing problems and eye muscle imbalance – where eyes don’t focus on same object. People with cerebral palsy suffer reduced motion at certain joints of their body due to stiff muscles.
Cerebral palsy has varied effects and some people would be able to walk while others cannot. some have normal or near-normal intellectual capacity – while others have intellectual disabilities. There may be epilepsy, deafness or blindness present too.
Signs and symptoms may vary and movement and coordination problems that come with cerebral palsy include:
Varied muscle tone – too rigid or too floppy
spasticity – stuff muscles and exaggerated reflexes.
Ataxia – Lack of muscle coordination
Tremors – involuntary movements
Athetosis – Slow and writhing movements
Delays in reaching milestones – pushing up arms, crawling or sitting unassisted are delayed.
One body side functions – reaching with only one hand or dragging leg when crawling.
Walking difficulty – walking on toes. Scissor-like gait with knees crossed and asymmetrical gait.
Excessive drooling – problems with swallowing.
Difficulty with eating or sucking.
Speech Delays – development or difficulty speaking.
Precise motion difficulty – picking up crayon or spoon.
Seizures – fits and blackouts
Cerebral palsy is limited to one limb or side of body. It may affect the entire body though too. Cerebral palsy doesn’t change with time, so symptoms stay the same with age. Muscle rigidity and shortening may get worse though if not treated.
People with cerebral palsy may have:
Difficulty with eyesight