Definitions of Disability

Definitions of Disability

Definitions of disability is different for each person. The use of common definitions provides a common understanding for individuals. By doing so, we will see an increase in communication, transparency in social programs and accurate description and understanding of the needs of people with disabilities.

Disability organizations such as Action 4 the Blind and Disabled Children define disability as an individual experience. Each person is unique but there are factors that are impacting, such as:

  • Access to disability services
  • Agreed definitions for benefits

The Disability Discrimination Act defines disability as:

  • Mental or physical impairments
  • Spinal cord injury – accidents
  • Vision disability – blindness or vision loss
  • Cognitive and learning disabilities
  • Psychological disorders
  • Invisible disabilities
  • Head injuries – brain damage
  • Adverse effect on their ability to complete daily activities
  • Long term effects – 12 months to life

 Progressive disabilities and past disabilities issues are also included:

  • Lack of mobility
  • Lack of physical coordination
  • Continence
  • Not being able to carry, lift or move objects
  • Speech, eyesight and hearing
  • Loss of memory or ability to concentrate or learn – learning disability
  • Lack of understanding danger and risks