Eye Injuries Guide – Most Common

Eye injuries go be something as simple as getting soap in your eyes to something much more serious, leading to vision loss.  You can get an eye injury form indoor and outdoor activities.

#1.  Corneal Abrasions

This is the most common of eye injuries.  This happens when the eye is poked or you rub your eye when a foreign body is in it, such as sand or dust.  Corneal abrasions are uncomfortable and cause red eyes and sensitivity to light. If your eye is scratched, it’s a good idea to go to your doctor to check if it is serious.  Your doctor will probably give you a cortisone based eye ointment or drops.

#2.  Traumatic Iritis

This is inflammation of the colored part of the eye around the pupil.  This eye injury is caused by a poke in the eye or a blow to the eye with something hard. This injury requires urgent treatment, so you will have to go to your doctor. Even with treatment, there are chances you will suffer vision loss.

 #3.  Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

This injury involves leakage of blood from one or more breaks in a blood vessel that lies between the white of the eye and its clear covering – conjunctiva. This type of eye injury is common and looks worse than it is.  This may be limited to a small part of the eye or can extend to entire eye.  This is a painless injury and doesn’t cause vision loss – no treatment is needed.

#4.   Hyphemas and Orbital Blowout Fractures

Hyphema is bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye.   This is the space between the cornea and the Iris.  Orbital blowout fractures caused by blunt force trauma to the face and eye is a serious medical emergency.

#5.  Chemical Burns

If you are splashed in the eye by a chemical substance, rinse the eye with water immediately and seek urgent medical attention.

  •  Acid – causes burning and redness and can be washed out easily.
  • Alkali – are more serious than acid-based chemicals and may not seem serious as there isn’t immediate burning or redness. Substances with alkali include oven cleaners and even chalk dust.

https://www.action4.org.za/vitamins-for-healthy-eyes/