Skills for the Blind and Disabled Student

Skills for the blind and disabled students is necessary for instilling a sense of independence. For students with disabilities, curriculums are adapted to address their individual needs.

All students and especially blind or visually impaired will need experiences that are concrete while unifying experiences in a natural space. It takes more time to train a person with disability than with an abled person. For students with visual impairment it is vital to offer particular assistance with new skills taught. For those with cognitive disabilities it is beneficial and productive to give clear and simple verbal instruction. Breaking down task into sections can be understood and completed easier. Using backward chaining, spiraling and many cues reduces the steps.

Physical assistance might be needed until student is able to do task independently. All students have the right to be literate. Legislation and studies show the teachers must teach every student to read. Beginners reading for older students with developmental disabilities is as necessary as with children.

All students must receive tuition throughout their academic careers. It’s vital as the student will advance the focus to functional skills and literacy. Older students that are beginning reading should focus on environmental print and label associations as this will make them independent.

Technology is a tool used to educate and opens many doors for disabled students. It can be a great tool, braille users can print put work for the educator, classmates and parents to read. Information is saved and restored. Communication is enhanced through assistive technology, giving the student a sense of independence and belonging. With computer training, disabled people can expand and improve their capabilities.

 For more information about training that we offer, please contact Elsie Botha on 011 763 3366 or elsie@action4.org.za and Stephen Bergers on 011 763 2429 or stephen@action4.org.za