Students with special needs, need 5 things from us that will help them in the classroom.
#1. Classroom Accommodations
Maintain and organize a classroom and limit distractions for students. Have labeled things in place on each child’s desk – make it colorful. Use checklists to help students stay organized, teaching them to do so independently. At the end of the day offer suggestions that will help with organizing. Allow students to change their workspace while doing homework or studying. Give tasks that include moving around the classroom. For children with learning disabilities, hearing instructions or following directions can be difficult if there are too many distractions. Schedule breaks during the day. Organize a part of classroom specifically for special needs students so they won’t be distracted. Avoid seating them near airconditioner, window or door.
#2. Sing An Instruction
When transitioning to an activity, sing it. Finish one task and follow on to the next using a song. Students respond well to varied tones and sounds. Use a mixture of soft and loud sounds. Use proper speech.
#3. Give Small and Easy To Do Tasks
Children with special needs often have difficulty understanding long-winded or many instructions at once. Children with disabilities prefer simple and concrete sentences. You may have to break down one step into a few small steps so that students understand what you are asking. you may even want to put directions in print and verbally. ask your student to repeat instructions and to show what they understand concerning them. Do not commence with further instruction until the student has completed the previous task.
#4. Use Multi-sensory Methods
As all children learn in varied ways, it’s important to make lessons as multi-sensory as possible. The children may have difficulties in one area and excel in another. For example, use both visual and auditory cues and create opportunities for tactile experiences. You may need to use physical cues, such as light touch when the student is distracted. Get creative with your lessons. Children love using their imagination and something new. Use your originality.
#5. Give opportunities for Success
Children with learning disabilities feel as if they fail in certain areas, so by structuring lessons, you will see successful results and increased motivation. Provide immediate rewards, be consistent with rules and discipline.